According to the sanctity and importance of water in Zoroastrianism and among the Aryans, temples were built to worship and praise the Water Temple of Anahita (goddess of water) one of them is considered. It seems that the kings of the Sassanid never of this religious duty that would satisfy Ahura Mazda and winning the hearts of the people were unaware they were not used to deity Anahita, the angel of the dynasty and the victory was the temples and places of worship were officials made it to the Ahura Mazdean upgraded. Documents and works of praise on the basis of columns discovered in Susa, Hamadan that Artaxerxes (the founder of Sassanid dynasty) says “god Mithra and Anahita me helped,” and adds, “there Ahura Mazda, Anahita, and Mithra me shelter and each maintain their hatred and hostility
The architecture of the Anahita Temple in Bishapur is unique in architecture, wonderful in terms of regulating and dividing and controlling water flow, and it can only be compared to the Nahid Pool.
To create such a temple, a huge area with dimensions of 7 × 23 × 27 m in depth earth excavation and foundation on the map and layout adjusts the predicted so was put to the river Shapur at a distance of 250 meters, this place is split it into this building be executed.
Of course, before the construction of the temple at the site of the subterranean flow, and the architects and builders Sassanid due to the passage of water so the temple of the foundation have established that the position of maximum use for water circulation where the action is. The remains of the old aqueduct is still visible at the end of the western corridor.
In the inner courtyard of a shallow basin with a capacity of 60 cubic meters of water built and developed around the platform where worshipers could gather while performing religious ceremonies on it.
The platform of large stones carved pieces theme with dimensions of 47 × 140 cm is made. In the middle of each input channel of water within the rock carvings on port Flooring is made up of three sides of the building, if necessary (probably in festivals and religious celebrations) flow of water into the temple.
Outlet water Chahyst to 4 meters deep and its construction area to the length and width of 180 cm excavation made by 4 stone 90 × 90 cm of rock Flooring temple is covered so that the coordination and coat well with the floor uniformly observed intake and outlet water has been completely hidden from view.
How to enter and exit the water in the temple of the arrangement which, if possible, water Temple, clean and fresh, and as much water on three sides entered the canal triple gradual and imperceptible to the ground sinks.
Accuracy and compliance with such far-reaching for the water cycle, the importance and particular religious respect and attention to the ancestor goddess of water in it took quite a show.
Describing it is clear that this location was to cuddle and play with water and water prayer more than anything else is considered.
This column in roadside east-west and streets going north and south of the city center is cut away. Based on these two pillars inscription beside the Parthian and Sassanid which is located in historical documents in the Bishapour the text of which is as follows: “In the April 58 fire A. (in) 40 Fire Shapur fire royal (in) year 24 image (configuration) to Bagh worship of Shapur kings of the Shah of Iran and Aniran the face of the gods of the children Bagh Mazda Artaxerxes kings of the Shah of Iran in the face of the gods of the musician gods Papkan King (the) work Apsay Secretary the city of Harran of his family … Vbdyn routine when Shapur Mazda Bagh Iranian kings and gods Aniran the face of the (so far come) and when the king of kings This figure saw (standing) to Apsay Secretary-wire and servants and handmaids, and gave gardens and property