1.bathroom Agha (Bath Agho): The Upper Bath in the neighborhood and in the vicinity of the mosque of Imam Reza (mosque eunuchs), respectively. Apparently, the founder and owner of the famous family’s eunuchs assigned. But its last owner, Haj Mohammad Taqi was clean. Quoted the bathroom, monolithic stone columns had been buried after the destruction of the rubble bathroom. Perhaps if the location of the remains of the bath (which is located at the edge of the road Solids) is drilling, the columns to be discovered!
2. bathrooms lootiha: The bathroom in the neighborhood on the Upper and martyr Imam Reza was that the streets were Hamidi field. Founded and owned by RAHIMIAN attributed to large families. Appellation that neighbors bathroom shower because some of the musicians who were known in opioid called reveler.
3. Bath Ghale: The bathroom is very old. Its founder Kalbali Khan Afshar Kazerouni (Hesami), respectively. The building is now owned by M. Golshan is a remake of it, still remains. The bathroom at the intersection of current Guidance Crossroads (Upper Town) is located.
4. Bath ghotb: the shower mosque in the northern part of the Upper Atmospheric quarter. Its founder was dedicated to the elders of critical attribute. Turabi was responsible for the individual’s name. Haji Dad trimming the last person who ran a bath for rent.
5 bathrooms Molababa: The bathroom cleaning belonged to Haj Hussein was devoted to it. The bath Administration of Cultural Heritage monument sign is still standing and in compliance martyr adjacent streets (near the mosque in the neighborhood of climate blacksmiths) is located. Unfortunately, the cultural heritage of the acquisition and restoration of the building has not done anything!
6 bathrooms Ahangaran: The bath is located in the Revolution Square (neighborhood blacksmiths), respectively. Works building still standing. Its owner was cleaning Haj MT.
7. Bath Nov: near the bathrooms were blacksmiths and was owned by Abdul Latif voice.
8. bathroom jofti: two rooms side by side (one for men and one for women), who at the intersection of Revolution Square (neighborhood market) has been named as the new building for Shapoori now set and active. The owner of the Haj Mohammad Taghi brave.
9. bathroom madreseh : The bathroom is located near the seminary Salhiya (neighborhood Dome). The new building it now remains active. Haj Ali-Qoli Khan Afshar its founding Kazerouni (Hesami), but newly renewed building that was owned by the late Karbala’i Qanbar Golshan Bath and is now run by the descendants of the deceased.
10 bathrooms Sharif: the current location of the intersection of the intersection Contacts (neighborhood Dome) was the founder and owner of Haj Sheikh Mohammad Sharif.
11 bathrooms Gonbed: the current location martyr Civic Library (the mosque Zaid) was located. Hmamdar its property and its endowment was Cheraghian Karbala’i Shokrollah.
12. Bathroom Tovfighi: building dome in the neighborhood and the streets were firm. Property was owned by Haj Reza success.
13 bathrooms Moghaniha: the building next to the mosque Bibi Parrot (current Zainabiyya in the neighborhood mosque dome), respectively. Hmamdar it Alimorad Haj and Haj Ali Mohammad …. Was.
14 bathrooms Dalakha(Kooshesh) building at the beginning of Shuhada Street South (alley Tabatabai), respectively. It was waqf property and Hmamdar the Haj Reza Amari.
15 bathrooms Golshan: the bathroom in the southern part of Gazra (handout below) in the neighborhood preparedness (Lane s), respectively. Property owned by Haj Fazlolah was brave.
16- bathroom Derakhshan: in the street in front of the cinema and in the vicinity of the mosque of Imam Hassan (AS) (Neighborhood preparedness) was changed and its owner Haji Rajab Ali and Mohammad Taghi ancestors and Hmamdarhay it was successful.
17. Bath Bashgah: The bathroom belonging to army officers at the beginning of Hafez Street North (in the southern part of Bank Saderat), respectively. Later Gholam Hossein Shojaei had been leased.
18 bathrooms Baharestan: The bathroom has two buildings were men and women. Shrine building of streets (neighborhood preparedness), respectively, and owned by Haj Fazlolah was courageous and children.
19. Bath Namaki: building near the mosque, Sayed Ebrahim (current religious site where the mosque) was located. It was also endowed property.
20 bathrooms Seydnajaf: building a slaughterhouse in the streets (neighborhood Chahaby), respectively.
21. Bathroom Soleymani: The bathroom next to the shrine of Abu (Neighborhood Market) was that the property was owned by the family Soleimani.
22. Bathroom Hoseyniyeh: The bathroom on the ground next to the mosque WORSHIP market and the market. It was recently named for the famous Tavakoli.
23 bathrooms Sarchy Khanom: The bathroom was on the market WORSHIP. It was waqf property. Hmamdar Mashhad Ali was barley.
Most bathhouses opioid building was built in such a way that the floor is below ground level, so that some level of the surrounding ground level or slightly higher roof bathroom. That is why the roof of the bath became a place for children to play! Domed skylights named “were randomly collected” on the bathroom ceiling was visible from long distances.
Had two separate baths building courtyard, vaulted ceilings and corridors and the courtyards inside the door, a vestibule and Gchkaryhayy Kazerouni was built with architectural features. The middle of the courtyard entrance, there was a pond that borders around the dock and into the courtyard, two or more corridors vestibule called Binet (break) was built. Each sees a niche or embedded in numerous lockers to accommodate customers inside their clothes. Binet and in front of the dock, a small stone platform was given to a person who was out of the shower and stand on your feet washed and cleansed the platforms.
In the following platforms any proof, puncture dilatation had been built to accommodate shoes and slippers. Bathroom customer when entering the bath, usually with evidence-based guidance Hmamdar in one of his legs and his clothes in the closet and close the window or limp fabric from Hmamdar was delivered into the main floor and the bath was built. The customer in addition to Lang, other requirements (top and passion flower head and Noora, etc.) received from the bathroom. Although some customers, especially women and children the necessary materials brought with him to the bathroom. The main floor bathroom in a corner of it, a relatively large tank full of hot water to the treasury (treasure) there. Cases water temperature above fifty degrees Celsius and sometimes varied. Customers bath when they were swimming in the pool.
Part of the inner courtyard bath to remove unwanted hair using Noora (Nvrhkhanh) was allocated. Metal containers in the bathroom (or mud) was named Mshrbh by which the Treasury for body wash, water was harvested.
The bathroom several workers (tonsorial) drag and shaving bag work performed. Presence in the shower sometimes took several hours, and customers who often were residents of a place, used the opportunity to chat. If an individual wanted to shower in the courtyard of devotion and kindness to another express, Mshrbhy full of water on his body was empty! This form of expressing love, respect elders and dignitaries took place more. Some young people before or after Kys·hkshy and, upon request, massage and rub their bodies were soft and tonsorial by moving the hands and feet and neck in different directions from their so-called fatigue out there!
Each client after bathing and clean and cleanse the body in the water pool or shower to dry off the moisture from Bath demand that tonsorial the floor with a loud voice or say the word “dry” the request to hear the bath leads. With a few towels or bath immediately enter the inner courtyard and towels were thrown on the client’s body. If the customer is in the early morning (before sunrise) came into the bathroom, with a cup of hot water from the bathroom was living. Word sentences “Afy Kamaleh” (bless you) to someone who was out of the bathroom, after greeting the pleasantries were common.
The floor of the bathroom and in the pool, the platform was built for prayer. At prayer times, especially in the first few hours of the morning, the men who came to shower after swimming and wash in the pool, located on the platform and they prayed.
If you had a family wedding, by appointment, for the wedding entourage had grazed it. Of course, the wedding was to take a bath with a special ceremony. If a woman gave birth in the family, after a few days the woman in labor and the baby’s relatives came to bathe in the bath (shower Reuven) inside the bathroom for health and the health of local labor and birth by a midwife (Mamchh) certain things took place. Or if a person was born after his seven-event, a distant relative or close neighbors and friends of the deceased, the family and relatives of the deceased to pay costs to the bathroom to bathe and shave the head and face are invited!
For warm water pool, a room for the name of Tyn (Tshkhanh) was in the treasury. Of course, in addition to a basement or another room for the fuel depot was built. Intermediary between water pool with exterior fireplace, large metal boilers that heat the fuel to the fire were to be guided by boiler-water pool. Tyn fuel bathrooms are usually flat or risk animals (skin paddy rice) was set up and at the end of the fuel used. In every bathroom, nursery worker was assigned to keep warm. The person by beasts of burden, carrying fuel to Tyn baths and constantly throwing fuel on the fire by pouring and it kept burning. For preparation of required treasury bathroom, relatively deep wells drilled near the bathroom that was installed on top of the wheel openings. A long rope to one end of it to the big Aquarius (dowel hole) and the other was attached to a horse’s body, was on the wheel. Workers horses in long and wide area called Garonne (Gavrvn) and was moving away and bringing it to wells, Aquarius plunges into a well and extract water was poured into the pond called Kerr. Kerr or tube water table was transferred to the Treasury.
Working hours baths, so that every day from morning until after sunrise and Thursday and Friday from dawn to sunset men, respectively (for men), but the rest days later from sunrise to sunset for Women accounted for risk of cancer (for women).
Of course, during Ramadan, bathroom has also worked late into the night. Usually in the vicinity of a bath, a hairdresser or barber shop, which belongs to the family of the bathroom was there. Some Hmamdaran (tonsorial) in the past, circumcision of children and phlebotomize (a type of blood-letting and old fashioned) did
History historical city Bishapour:
This historic town is about two hectares and generosity are located 23 km north-west of the present city Kazeroon. Bnabratlaat accurate and written in the city center on two columns a memorial written by the time of Shapur I (272-241 AD) and one of the most powerful Sassanid Empire and the second by a Syrian architect named “Apsay” was designed and built secretary. And the inscription On this, the 24th year of his reign of Shapur in Bishapour visited the city.
Regardless of the origin of the Sassanid lands of Fars, plenty of water, fair, fertile land, springs and natural barriers of the road king, made Shapur after the victory over Valerian Roman Emperor, the location for building upon the city its name, its choosing.
The city, along with cities such as pools, D round, Arrjan, Ardeshir leprosy of the most important cities in Fars province during the reign of the Sassanid and the reign of Bahram II boom to maintain, but then because of the king of the Sassanid to the West its territory ( Ctesiphon) was lower boom. With the advent of Islam in Iran began to boom and prosperity of the city disappeared clamps instead Gazrgah (Kazeroon current) is thriving, however Bishapour continue to survive, so that in the centuries-third to fifth moon praised the city of such great musicians, historians Vjghrafy pool, Ibn al-Balkhi, etc. is located.
History drilling in Bishapour:
Between 1319 – 1314 AH for the first time Georges year and Dr. Ghirshman delegates from the Louvre in Paris, to the operation of the archaeological excavations in this historical city began building Rafi and four phones that rocks “double” was built , Temple called the great hall and indoor wide as the palace of specific and more place to place offerings and a porch adorned with mosaic was introduced to the world of archeology and history. This drilling was stopped and not continued for 30 years.
The department of archeology and folklore decided to dispatch a team of Iranian archaeologists to supervisor Dr. Sarfaraz exploration drilling in Bishapour to shed light on the past and look to the structure of the city. In February 1347 archaeological mission in the city of Ahvaz were established and began to work. The operation about 10 years in the making that effort boarding archaeological mission, especially the Master of Dr Sarfaraz, fort city, temple, palace of Shapur, the mosque of the Islamic era, monuments and some valuable works of other heads of was excavated. The group also stopped operations in 1357.
Again in February 1375 under the aegis of Dr Sarfraz began drilling the city but stopped in May 1376 After several seasons of excavations were conducted by Mr. M. and New Year and the 1382 Mr. Amiri has been determined as responsible for the project Bishapour .
Profile of Bishapour:
Historical city Bishapour grace the beautiful nature plain Shapur in plain green Kazeroon and rivers pleasant spring Sasan available to the left and use of forms and motifs other civilizations in the art, decorations and based on the desire and dream big dreams and ambitious king so carefully designed and executed with the most beautiful and richest cities such as Antioch beautiful bride cities of the civilized world since the Byzantine (eastern Roman) competed and it was.
City Bishapour According to the new plan (Hippodamus of Miletus) are rectangular and made habitable been to the seventh century. Two blocks north – south and east – west, the city is divided into four parts and each of these streets is one of the gates of the city. Main gate on the western side of the city that it is today, remnants of the bridge. The city is protected from all four sides. North Drzl girl and wall Castle tower, on the western side of Shapur River in eastern and southern sides, the moat has protected the city.
Bishapour consists of two parts:
1 – royal citadel in Sassanid spectacular monuments such as the Temple of Anahita, Hall Shapour, Ivan Mosaic House include valerian, etc.
2. The public part of the city dwellers and the city’s Sytr and includes residential homes, public places, such as bathrooms, inn, markets, and so forth.
Muslim geographers from Bishapour named to Shapur – to Andyvshapvr – Vieira Shahpur – Shahpur – Byshavr – Bishapour named all-state and furnace Byshapvrmrkz name Shapur had leprosy.
Introduced historic city Bishapour
Masterpiece of carving Sassanid Shapur River in tight polo in the vicinity of the city Bishapour and Brkranh remains. Six reliefs on the sides tight polo is sculpted, as indicated victory and crowned king of Han Sassanid total number of six actors, three roles represents the victory of Shapur Roman Emperor Valerian. The three roles of the victory of Bahram II Bryaghyan crown Mars is the symbol of Ahura Mazda and friends first victory of Shapur II rebels and enemies. We continue to introduce some important parts of the city:
Anahita Temple is located in the south-east of the Great Hall of formalities. Its area is 781 square meters. Perhaps it is among the first and largest architectural works of the Sassanian period considered dome. The Forum consists of four mutual porch and symmetric parabolic shape over the dome is 25 meters high. Central Hall for square-shaped courtyard. The building has 64 niche with the motif of plaster, such as leaves of acanthus’ leaves (grape) and decorative motifs for projects, cross-shaped, which represents the creativity of Sasanian architecture is decorated with plaster involved in the art beautifully decorated.
Porch has length 25/11 and 6/10 m Phnast and crescent arch was covered. Colorful mosaics on the floor of the porch with decorative designs imprinted been laid. This mosaic of the most valuable and most precious works of Bishapour is derived from ‘decorate the Louvre in Paris and the Museum of Ancient Iran in Tehran. Do small traces of this type of mosaic wall as a strip on the sides of the porch the
According to the sanctity and importance of water in Zoroastrianism and among the Aryans, temples were built to worship and praise the Water Temple of Anahita (goddess of water) one of them is considered. It seems that the kings of the Sassanid never of this religious duty that would satisfy Ahura Mazda and winning the hearts of the people were unaware they were not used to deity Anahita, the angel of the dynasty and the victory was the temples and places of worship were officials made it to the Ahura Mazdean upgraded. Documents and works of praise on the basis of columns discovered in Susa, Hamadan that Artaxerxes (the founder of Sassanid dynasty) says “god Mithra and Anahita me helped,” and adds, “there Ahura Mazda, Anahita, and Mithra me shelter and each maintain their hatred and hostility
The architecture of the Anahita Temple in Bishapur is unique in architecture, wonderful in terms of regulating and dividing and controlling water flow, and it can only be compared to the Nahid Pool.
To create such a temple, a huge area with dimensions of 7 × 23 × 27 m in depth earth excavation and foundation on the map and layout adjusts the predicted so was put to the river Shapur at a distance of 250 meters, this place is split it into this building be executed.
Of course, before the construction of the temple at the site of the subterranean flow, and the architects and builders Sassanid due to the passage of water so the temple of the foundation have established that the position of maximum use for water circulation where the action is. The remains of the old aqueduct is still visible at the end of the western corridor.
In the inner courtyard of a shallow basin with a capacity of 60 cubic meters of water built and developed around the platform where worshipers could gather while performing religious ceremonies on it.
The platform of large stones carved pieces theme with dimensions of 47 × 140 cm is made. In the middle of each input channel of water within the rock carvings on port Flooring is made up of three sides of the building, if necessary (probably in festivals and religious celebrations) flow of water into the temple.
Outlet water Chahyst to 4 meters deep and its construction area to the length and width of 180 cm excavation made by 4 stone 90 × 90 cm of rock Flooring temple is covered so that the coordination and coat well with the floor uniformly observed intake and outlet water has been completely hidden from view.
How to enter and exit the water in the temple of the arrangement which, if possible, water Temple, clean and fresh, and as much water on three sides entered the canal triple gradual and imperceptible to the ground sinks.
Accuracy and compliance with such far-reaching for the water cycle, the importance and particular religious respect and attention to the ancestor goddess of water in it took quite a show.
Describing it is clear that this location was to cuddle and play with water and water prayer more than anything else is considered.
This column in roadside east-west and streets going north and south of the city center is cut away. Based on these two pillars inscription beside the Parthian and Sassanid which is located in historical documents in the Bishapour the text of which is as follows: “In the April 58 fire A. (in) 40 Fire Shapur fire royal (in) year 24 image (configuration) to Bagh worship of Shapur kings of the Shah of Iran and Aniran the face of the gods of the children Bagh Mazda Artaxerxes kings of the Shah of Iran in the face of the gods of the musician gods Papkan King (the) work Apsay Secretary the city of Harran of his family … Vbdyn routine when Shapur Mazda Bagh Iranian kings and gods Aniran the face of the (so far come) and when the king of kings This figure saw (standing) to Apsay Secretary-wire and servants and handmaids, and gave gardens and property
The first part (left Shapur River):
The prominent role that the larger role the Sassanid period, marking the victory of Shapur over Valerian (Roman Emperor) and five rows carvings. Iran’s regular army on the left side to the right side carvings and Roman captives who are bringing gifts to the court of Shapur.
The second (left Shapur River):
Bedouin Arabs also are bringing gifts (horses and camels) are seen.
The third (left Shapur River):
The role of the Coronation of Bahram first. Brasb first ride on the right side of Mars are getting the Far Izadi is the symbol of Ahura Mazda. In this role, only relief pitchers bat in the line Sasanian Pahlavi inscriptions on Mars over the role and under his feet as his enemy carvings.
The fourth (left Shapur River):
The role of the victory of Shapur II (Zolaktaf) rebels and insurgents on which is carved in two rows. Another Shapvrbzrgtr Svarbrasb shown in the central role, while the goddess of victory sits on top of the head Shahpur Rdrhal fly two large row Sassanid Shapur .psht head Horse Show Dhdvrvbrv five rows of people standing foot.
The first part (right Shapur River):
Shapvravl victory over Valerian (emperor) shows. Shapur and Valerian Brasb ride the horse of Shapur kneeling to surrender.
The second (right Shapur River):
The normal role of the most prominent role Shapvravl tight polo victory over Valerian (emperor) shows. As referred to in the two rows of carvings, Roman captives on the right and on the left of Iranian troops are seen.
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In the vicinity of the ruins remains of the historic city Bishapour and on the north side of the city between two mountain ranges soaring stenosis full of trees, woodlands and landscapes refreshing and attractive, which is called tight polo and the local language. ” Chovgan tight “is known. Shapur River passes out of the narrow part of the gorge Sasan and beautiful fountains fountains
Ghirshman famous French archaeologist Professor Shapur likely that the tomb is in the cave. Statue of Shapur on the mouth of the cave, an ancient masterpiece of sculptor after about 1700 years despite getting serious injuries to the left. The statue only surviving stone statues of antiquity, about 6 meters high. Stone carvings of the statue of the roof and the floor of the cave and artists Sassanid era with the creation of this work of art efforts have been very successful.
Access to the cave after passing through these tortuous and difficult, is possible .
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